IRIX™ Advanced Site and Server Administration Guide

Document Number: 007-0603-100

Front Matter

| List of Figures | List of Tables |

Table of Contents

Overview of This Guide
System Administration Resources
Note to Readers
Style Conventions
Product Support
Bibliography and Suggested Reading

1. System Administration Basics
Superuser Account
Administration Tools
The IRIX Reference Pages

2. Operating the System
Starting the System
Shutting Down the System
Using Regular Expressions and Metacharacters
Using Shell Shortcuts in the IRIX System
Creating a Custom Shell Window
Finding and Manipulating Files Automatically
Automating Tasks with at(1), batch(1), and cron(1M)
Checking System Configuration
General Operations
Operating Policies
Administrative Directories and Files
Operating Levels
Encapsulated PostScript File v.3.0 vs. PostScript File Format

3. User Services
System and Site Policies
Login Administration
The User's Environment
Communicating with Users
Anticipating User Requests
Creating Reference Pages

4. The Command (PROM) Monitor
How to Enter the Command (PROM) Monitor
Summary of Command Monitor Commands
Getting Help in the Command Monitor
Using Command Monitor Commands
Running the Command Monitor
Booting a Program from the Command Monitor

5. Tuning System Performance
Theory of System Tuning
Application Tuning
Monitoring the Operating System
Tuning The Operating System

6. Backing Up and Restoring Files
Types of Backup Media
Choosing a Backup Tool
Backup Procedure
Making Backups
Restoring Files and File Systems
Recovery after System Corruption
Changing the Default Backup Device
Copying the Software Distribution
Backup Strategies

7. Disks and Tape Drives
Identifying Devices to IRIX
Hard Disks under IRIX
Adding a Hard Disk
Formatting Disks Using fx
Repartitioning a Hard Disk
Swap Space
Logical Volumes and Disk Striping
The Bad-Block Handling Feature
Using Floppy Disks Under IRIX
Tape Devices

8. File System Administration
IRIX File System Overview
Maintaining File Systems
How the File System Works
File System Corruption
Insufficient Space on the root File System

9. Administering Printers
Adding a Printer
Removing Printers
Using the lp Spooler
Maintaining the lp System
Troubleshooting Your Printing System
lp Error Messages
Printer Cable Pin Signal Tables
Configuring and Troubleshooting the BSD LPR Spooler System

10. Terminals and Modems
Adding a Terminal or Modem
The TTY System
Serial Ports

11. Administering the CADMIN Object System
The cadmin Object System
Starting the cadmin Daemons
Stopping the cadmin Daemons
Troubleshooting the cadmin Object System

12. System Security
How Secure Is IRIX?
Security Guidelines
Logins and Passwords
Network Security
Set-UID and Set-GID Permissions
Universally Accessible Files and Directories
Accounts Shipped Without Passwords

13. Administering the System Audit Trail
Enabling Auditing
Default Auditing
Customizing Auditing
Understanding the Audit Data
How to Audit a Specific User
How to Audit a File
How to Audit a Label Under Trusted IRIX/B
Potential Security Violations
Archiving Audit Data
Removing Audit Data

14. System Accounting
Process (System) Accounting

15. Understanding Silicon Graphics' Networking Products
Networking Hardware
Networking Software
Optional Networking Products
Standard Software Configuration
Network Startup and Shutdown

16. Planning a Network
Planning the Physical Network
The Internet
Using Common Network Applications
Planning to Subnet Local Networks
Planning for Network Security

17. Setting Up a Network
Configuring an IRIS for a Network
Setting Up a Router
Subnetting a Network
Setting Up Anonymous ftp
Setting Up an InSight File Server
Modifying the Network Interface Configuration
Changing Network Parameters
Creating a Local Network Script
Turning On Remote Access Logging

18. Managing a Network
Network Management Tools
Interpreting Network Statistics
Factors Affecting Network Performance
Network Servers
Packet Size
Kernel Configuration

19. The BIND Name Server
The Domain Name Server
Organization of BIND
BIND Servers and Clients
The named Server Daemon
Registering Your BIND Domain Name
The BIND Database Files
Setting Up a BIND Configuration
Managing the BIND Environment
Debugging named

20. IRIX sendmail
The Mail System
An Overview of sendmail
How sendmail Works
The Aliases Database
sendmail Network Configurations
User Configurable Macros and Classes
A sendmail Planning Checklist
Configuring sendmail
Managing sendmail
Questions, Problems, and Troubleshooting
Notes to Current sendmail Users

21. UUCP
Choosing TCP/IP or UUCP
Networking Hardware
UUCP Commands
UUCP Daemons
Supporting Databases
UUCP Administrative Files
UUCP Error Messages

22. SLIP and PPP
SLIP Configuration Information
Configuring PPP
Connecting Two Systems with SLIP
Connecting Networks with SLIP
Demand Dialing SLIP
Debugging a SLIP Link
File Transfer Under SLIP

A. IRIX Kernel Tunable Parameters
Format of This Appendix
General Tunable Parameters
Spinlocks Tunable Parameters
System Limits Tunable Parameters
Resource Limits Tunable Parameters
Paging Tunable Parameters
IPC Tunable Parameters
IPC Messages Tunable Parameters
IPC Semaphores Tunable Parameters
IPC Shared Memory Tunable Parameters
Streams Tunable Parameters
Signal Parameters
Dispatch Parameters
EFS Parameters
Loadable Drivers Parameters
CPU Actions Parameters
Switch Parameters
Timer parameters
NFS Parameters
UDS Parameters

B. IRIX Device Files

C. IRIX Kernel Error Messages
NOTICE Messages
WARNING Messages
PANIC Messages

D. IRIX sendmail Reference
Basic Installation
Normal Operations
sendmail Command-Line Flags
The Configuration File
Flags, Options, and Files

E. BIND Standard Resource Record Format
Standard Resource Record Format