Introducing the SGI 1400 Family of Servers

This document is intended to help you get your new server unpacked, connected and powered on. After completing the steps in this guide, you may wish to continue with additional configuration, or read more about your server's capabilities. Reference the SGI 1400 Server Family User's Guide for more detailed information on your system.

The SGI 1400 family of servers includes products such as the SGI 1400M (which uses a Microsoft Windows operating system), and the SGI 1400L which uses a Linux operating system. While its operating system (OS) gives the server a particular functional interface, the basic hardware functions, diagnostics, and configuration are the same within the SGI 1400 server family. The generic term “server” and “SGI 1400 server” are used throughout this document, and apply to all systems in the SGI 1400 family of servers.

Warning: To avoid personal injury when unpacking the server, use two people and/or a mechanical assist unit to lift it off the shipping pallet. The minimum server configuration weighs 38 kg (85 lbs); the maximum weighs 45 kg (100 lbs). Use a hand-truck or other mechanical assist unit to move the server from one location to another. Do not attempt to lift or move the server by the handles on the power supplies. Before operating this server, read the additional product warnings in “Product Warnings”.

Chassis Configurations

The SGI 1400 server is designed to either be mounted in a rack (rack mode) or stand upright (pedestal mode). Figure 1 shows examples of these configurations. You must contact your sales or service provider and purchase an adapter kit if you wish to change the configuration of your server from one mode to another after receiving the unit.

For instructions on mounting your rack-mode server in a 19-inch equipment rack, see the SGI 1400 Server Family User's Guide.

Table 1. SGI 1400 Server Physical Specifications


Pedestal Mode

Rack Mode


48.26 cm (19 inches)

48.26 cm (7u)


31.12 cm (12.25 inches)

19-inch rack


63.5 cm (25 inches)

63.5 cm (25 inches)


38.25 kg (85 lbs) minimum configuration
45 kg (100 lbs) maximum configuration

38.25 kg (85 lbs) minimum
45 kg (100 lbs) maximum

Required front clearance

25.4 cm (10 inches) (inlet airflow <35 ˚C / 95 ˚F)

10 inches (inlet airflow <35 ˚C / 95 ˚F)

Required rear clearance

20.3 cm (8 inches) (no airflow restriction)

20.3 cm (8 inches) (no airflow restriction)

Required side clearance

0.0 cm/inches for airflow (additional side clearance required for service)


Figure 1. Example Rack with Three Servers and Single Server in Pedestal Mode

Site Selection and Environmental Requirements

Use the information in this section to select a proper operational site for your server.

Caution: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage disk drives, add-in boards, and other parts. This server can withstand normal levels of environmental ESD. However, we recommend doing all procedures in this guide only at an ESD–protected workstation. If one is not available, you can provide some ESD protection by wearing an antistatic wrist strap attached to chassis ground of the server—any unpainted metal surface—when handling components. Make sure that the power service connection is through a properly grounded outlet.

Warning: The push-button on/off power switch on the front panel of the server does not turn off the AC power. To completely remove AC power from the server, you must unplug the AC power cord from each power supply or wall outlet.

The server operates reliably within most normal office or lab environmental limits. Select a site that meets the following criteria:

  • Sited near a properly earthed, grounded, three-pronged power outlet

    • In the United States and Canada: a NEMA 5–15R outlet for 100-120 V, or a NEMA 6–15R outlet for 200-240 V units

    • In other geographic areas: a properly earthed, grounded outlet in accordance with the local electrical authorities and electrical code of the region

  • Clean and relatively free of excess dust

  • Well ventilated and away from sources of heat, with the ventilating openings on the server kept free of obstructions

  • Away from sources of vibration or physical shock

  • Isolated from strong electromagnetic fields and noise caused by electrical devices such as elevators, copy machines, air conditioners, large fans, large electric motors, radio and TV transmitters, and high-frequency security devices

  • Access space provided so the server power cords can be unplugged from the power supply or the wall outlet; this is the only way to remove AC power from the server

  • Clearance provided for cooling and airflow. For clearance requirements based on chassis configuration, see Table 1

Table 2 provides site environmental specifications for the server.

Table 2. Site Environmental Specifications




–40˚ to 70 ˚C (–55˚ to 150 ˚F)
10˚ to 35 ˚C (41˚ to 95 ˚F); derated 0.5 ˚C for every 1000 ft (305 m)
Altitude to 10,000 ft (3,050 m) max; maximum rate of change = 10 ˚C per hour



Operating wet bulb

95% relative humidity (noncondensing) at 30 ˚C (86 ˚F)
Not to exceed 33 ˚C (91.4 ˚F) (with diskette drive or hard disk drive)




2.0 g, 11 msec, 1/2 sine
Operational after 30-inch (76.2 cm) free fall (cosmetic damage might occur)

Acoustic noise

< 55 dBA with three power supplies at 28 ˚C +/- 2 ˚C

Electrostatic discharge (ESD)

Tested to 20 kilovolts (kV) per environmental test specifications; no component damage

AC Input Power


100-120 V~
200-240 V~

100-120 V~, 7.6 A, 50/60 Hz
200-240 V~, 3.8 A, 50/60 Hz

Using Power Cords

This section supplies information on the proper use of power cords with your server.

Caution: Do not modify or use a supplied AC power cord if it is not the exact type required in the region where the server will be installed and used. Replace the cord with the correct type. Read the information in “Power Cord Requirements”.

Do not plug in any of the server's power cords when internal parts are being added (boards, DIMMs, removable media drives). See the SGI 1400 Server Family Maintenance and Upgrades Guide for more information on this topic.

Power Cord Requirements

The server's power cords must meet these requirements:

  • Rating: Cords must be rated for available AC voltage and have a current rating at least 125% of current rating of server.

  • Connector, wall outlet end: Cords must be terminated in grounding-type male plug designed for use in your region. It must have certification marks showing certification by an agency acceptable in your region.

  • Connector, power supply end: The connector that plugs into the AC receptacle on the server power supply must be an IEC 320, sheet C13, type female connector.

  • Cord length and flexibility: Cords must be less than 4.5 meters (14.76 feet) long, and must be flexible (harmonized <HAR>) cord or VDE-certified cordage to comply with server's safety certifications.

Note: In geographic regions that are susceptible to electrical storms, use of a surge suppressor is highly recommended.

For information about complying with electromagnetic interference regulations, see “Electromagnetic Compatibility” in the SGI 1400 Server Family User's Guide.

Monitor, Keyboard, and Mouse Connectors

This section provides information on connecting your server's monitor, keyboard, and mouse. Your server may come with a PCI Ethernet card, be sure to read the board's documentation for information on its operation and functionality.

Caution: Before connecting any external devices, make sure the server is not plugged in, or equipment could be damaged.

Figure 2 shows the monitor, keyboard, mouse, and other connector locations on the back of the server.

Figure 2. SGI 1400 Server Rear Connectors and Controls

Turning On the Video Monitor and Server

Follow these steps before turning on the server and any optional video monitor:

  1. Make sure all external devices, such as a monitor, keyboard, and mouse, have been connected.

  2. Remove drive protection card (if present) from the diskette drive.

  3. Turn on the video monitor (if installed).

  4. Plug the female end of each server AC power cord into each power supply input receptacle on the back of the chassis.

  5. Plug the male end of each server AC power cord into a wall outlet (a grounded, three-pronged AC power outlet; see “Using Power Cords”).

  6. If the server does not come on when you plug it into the AC outlet, press the push-button on/off power switch on the front panel.

  7. Verify that the power-on light on the front panel is lit. After a few seconds, the power-on self test (POST) begins.

Note that there are 11 LED status indicators on the upper-right section of the server's front. Starting from the top down, they indicate the following functions:

  • system power on

  • disk bay power on

  • hard disk activity

  • system fan failure

  • power supply failure

  • the bottom six LEDs indicate individual hard drive 0 through 5 activity

    Figure 3. SGI 1400 Server Front Controls and Indicators

Run the Power-On Self Test

Each time you turn on the system, a power-on self test (POST) starts running. POST checks the baseboard, processors, memory, keyboard, and most installed peripheral devices. During the memory test, POST displays the amount of memory it is able to access and test. The length of time needed to test memory depends on the amount of memory installed. POST is stored in flash memory. Follow these steps:

  1. Turn on your video monitor and system. After a few seconds, POST begins to run.

  2. After the memory test, these screen prompts and messages appear:

    Keyboard Detected
    Mouse Initialized
    Press <F2> to enter Setup

  3. If you do not press F2 and do not have a device with an operating system (OS) loaded, the above message remains for a few seconds while the boot process continues, and the system beeps once. Then this message appears:

    Operating System not found

    If you do not press F2, the boot process continues and this message appears:

    Press Ctrl C to enter SCSI Utility

  4. Press Ctrl+C if SCSI devices are installed. When the utility opens, follow the displayed instructions to configure the onboard SCSI host adapter settings and to run the SCSI utilities. Also see “Using the Symbios SCSI Utility” in the SGI 1400 Server Family User's Guide. If you do not enter the SCSI utility, the boot process continues.

  5. Press Esc during POST to access a boot menu when POST finishes. From this menu, you can choose the boot device or enter BIOS Setup.

After POST completes, the system beeps once.

What appears on the screen after this depends partly on which OS is loaded on your system.

Booting from a CD

Under certain circumstances you may need to load (or reload) the operating system from a CD.

Note: Handle the CD by its inner and outer edges. Do not touch the side without the label (the data side). See Figure 4 for an example.

Figure 4. Typical Loading Procedure for a CD-ROM Drive

The SGI 1400 server you receive from Silicon Graphics contains a fully functional OS installed on the hard disk when shipped from the factory. You should only need to reinstall the OS if you experience a major disk or filesystem failure.

Note: If the server's prompt shows you a display indicating “Operating System Not Found.” Follow the steps in “Changing the Boot Device Priority” as this may indicate that someone has changed the boot device priority.

  1. Open the CD tray by pressing the open/close button on the front panel of the CD-ROM drive. The tray will slide out of the drive.

  2. Open the CD case. Press down on the center hub of the case to release the CD.

  3. Gently grasp the center hole and outer edge of the CD. Remove it from the case, and place it label-side up in the CD tray.

  4. Press the open/close button or gently push on the CD tray—it will automatically slide into the drive.

  5. Push the reset switch on the front panel to restart the server.

  6. When POST completes, the server boots from the CD, installs a mouse driver, and displays the CD-ROM menu bar. Use the arrow keys to scroll through the menu bar and to view the tasks in the pop-up menus.

Changing the Boot Device Priority

You have two choices for changing boot device priority. The easier option (listed first, below) is good for only one boot; the longer option takes effect until you change boot device priority again.

  1. At any time during POST, press Esc. When POST completes, a pop-up Boot menu appears.

  2. Use the arrow keys to highlight Removable Media, then press Enter.


    Boot the server. The CD can be in the drive or not.

  3. The BIOS name and version will display. Immediately below, you'll see the size of memory detected in the server.

  4. Quickly press the F2 key (a prompt to do this may or may not appear). After a few biotope tests complete, the main BIOS Setup screen appears.

  5. From the Setup screen, select Boot Menu. Press Enter.

  6. Select Boot Device Priority, and press Enter.

  7. In the Boot Device Priority screen, use the up- or down-arrow keys to select the desired boot device, then press the + key to move it to the top of the list.

  8. The other two boot option devices become the second boot device and the third boot device.

  9. Press the F10 key to save your changes and exit Setup.

  10. When the Exit prompt appears, press Enter again.

  11. The bootup process continues. When finished, an OS prompt displays.

  12. Make sure the primary boot device is properly installed (along with removable media as appropriate), and boot the server.

Getting Manuals from the SGI Technical Publications Library

If you would like to access manuals on the SGI 1400 server using the World Wide Web, SGI makes its manuals available in a variety of formats via the Web. Using your Web browser, open the following URL:

Enter a keyword search, or search by title to find the information or manual you need.

Printing Manuals from the CD

In addition to the hard copy manuals you received with your server, SGI provides soft copy manuals on the CD in the following viewable and printable formats:

  • PDF files: read and print .PDF files using an Adobe Acrobat Reader. Note that the reader is not pre-installed with every operating system shipped.

  • PS (PostScript) files: print .PS files directly to a PostScript printer.

Because printing from within Acrobat can be time-consuming, we recommend printing only a small range of pages for immediate use. If you want to print all the manuals on the CD, we recommend printing them from the .PS files (see “Using the PostScript .PS Files”).

Using the Acrobat .PDF Files

Before you can print manuals from your server using Acrobat, you must connect a printer to the parallel port.

  1. From the CD-ROM menu bar, select Read/Print Manuals and press Enter. The Adobe Acrobat reader will be automatically installed on RAM disk d: (simulated disk drive in RAM memory) and automatically started. The reader lets you view and print out manuals.

  2. After the reader starts, a pop-up menu displays a list of manuals. If you are not sure which manual applies to your server, check the title page of this Quick Start Guide for the correct product reference.

  3. The menu may also include a manual for SCSI devices in the server.

  4. Use your mouse or the up- and down-arrow keys to select the manual. Double click the left mouse button or press Enter to load the .PDF file for the manual.

  5. Use your mouse or the Tab key to select the .PDF file for the manual. Double click the left mouse button or press an arrow key and Enter to view the .PDF file.

  6. Follow the program options and prompts. If you need to access the Help menu, double click on Help or press Alt+h.

Using the PostScript .PS Files

Before you can print manuals from the CD in your server, you must connect a printer to the parallel port. Then use the supplied PostScript files (.PS) to print a hard copy of a manual or other information you may want.

Installing a PostScript Printer with NT

User's with an NT operating system should use the following guidelines:

  1. From the CD-ROM menu bar, select Quit to DOS and press Enter.

  2. From the pop-up menu, select Quit Now and press Enter.

  3. At the prompt C:\>, type dir c:\manuals and press Enter.

  4. At the prompt, type dir c:\(manual name)\pscript and press Enter to see a list of .PS files.

  5. Use the copy or print command to send the .PS files directly to a PostScript printer using the appropriate driver.

  6. At the prompt C:\>, type menu and press Enter to return to the CD-ROM menu.

Installing a PostScript Printer with Linux

If the server uses the Linux operating system, use these guidelines to install and configure the printer:

  1. Attach a printer to the parallel port.

  2. As root, run /usr/sbin/printtool

    This launches a graphical user interface (GUI) you can use to edit the server's /etc/printcap file and create a spool directory for your printer.

    Note: Alternately, you can edit the /etc/printcap file on your system directly to enable the printer you have connected. The text file /usr/doc/HOWTO/Printing-HOWTO provides information on configuring a printer using /etc/printcap.

  3. Click on the Add button in the RHS Linux Print System Manager GUI.

  4. Choose local printer; note that you can also set up remote printers here as well, such as a UNIX-type lpd queue or lanmanager printer using SMB.

  5. When Linux detects the port that your printer is on, click OK.

  6. You are dropped into a menu to edit the printer entry information: (name of printer, spool directory, filelimit in Kb 0=nolimit, printer device).

  7. Click on the input filter Select button and this allows you to choose your printer type. It should provide a description of the driver as well, so that if you do not see your printer you may find a compatible driver.

  8. When you see your printer on the list, select it and click OK.

  9. Click OK in the edit local Printer Entry dialog box.

  10. In the RHS Linux Print System Manager click on lpd > restart lpd.

  11. Under tests, click on print ascii test page. If the test page does not eject at the end, go back and highlight your printer name, then click edit > input filter select and toggle on the Send EOF after job to eject the page, click OK and try again.

  12. Next, send a test print PostScript file to test the printer function.

Copy Configuration Software to Diskettes

When you copy software from the CD onto diskettes, device drivers suitable for several different OSs are copied onto the diskettes. However, your OS will read only those drivers it can recognize, so you cannot usually check the directory of a diskette that is not formatted for your OS. Instead, you might see a message to the effect, disk not formatted, do you want to format it now? In most cases, the drivers for YOUR OS are on the diskette and available to load on the system.

  1. Before starting, make sure that you have several blank high-density diskettes.

  2. From the CD–ROM menu bar, select Create Diskettes and press Enter.

  3. Follow the prompts to copy the software onto the diskettes.

  4. When finished, from the CD-ROM menu bar, select Quit to DOS and press Enter.

  5. Remove the CD from the CD-ROM drive.

Product Warnings

Caution: The power supplies in this product contain no user-serviceable parts. Refer servicing only to qualified personnel. Do not attempt to modify or use a supplied AC power cord if it is not the exact type required. The server has a separate AC power cord for each supply. The DC push-button on/off switch on the system does not turn off system AC power. To remove AC power from the system, you must unplug each AC power cord from the wall outlet or power supply.

Whenever you remove the chassis covers to access the inside of the system, follow these steps:

  1. Turn off all peripheral devices connected to the system.

  2. Turn off the system by using the push-button on/off power switch on the system.

  3. Unplug all AC power cords from the system or from wall outlets.

  4. Label and disconnect all cables connected to I/O connectors or ports on the back of the system.

  5. Provide some electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection by wearing an antistatic wrist strap attached to chassis ground of the system—any unpainted metal surface—when handling components.

  6. Do not operate the system with the chassis covers removed.

After you have completed the six SAFETY steps above, you can remove the system covers. To do this:

  1. Unlock and remove the padlock from the back of the system if a padlock has been installed.

  2. Remove and save all screws from the covers.

  3. Remove the covers.

For proper cooling and airflow, always reinstall the chassis covers before turning on the system. Operating the system without the covers in place can damage system parts. To install the covers:

  1. Check first to make sure you have not left loose tools or parts inside the system.

  2. Check that cables, add-in boards, and other components are properly installed.

  3. Attach the covers to the chassis with the screws removed earlier, and tighten them firmly.

  4. Insert and lock the padlock to the system to prevent unauthorized access inside the system.

  5. Connect all external cables and the AC power cord(s) to the system.

Caution: A microprocessor and heat sink may be hot if the system has been running. Also, there may be sharp pins and edges on some board and chassis parts. Contact should be made with care. Consider wearing protective gloves. There is a danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the equipment manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to manufacturer's instructions.

The system is designed to operate in a typical office or lab environment. Choose a site that is:

  • Clean and free of airborne particles (other than normal room dust).

  • Well ventilated and away from sources of heat including direct sunlight.

  • Away from sources of vibration or physical shock.

  • Isolated from strong electromagnetic fields produced by electrical devices.

  • In regions that are susceptible to electrical storms, we recommend you plug your system into a surge suppressor and disconnect telecommunication lines to your modem during an electrical storm.

  • Provided with a properly grounded wall outlet.

  • Provided with sufficient space to access the power supply cords, because they serve as the product's main power disconnect.